Mcgregor's theory y matches much of maslow's self actualiza-tion level of motivation it is based on the assumption that self-direction, self-control, and maturity control motivation. Douglas mcgregor¶s theory of motivation suggesting that managers have radically different beliefs about how best to use the human resources employed by a firmhuman resources model: theory x and y are part of human resources model. Major motivation theories motivation has been studied for many years as a result a wide variety of motivational theory have been, some of which are: 1 hierarchy of needs theory abraham maslow reasoned that human needs are multiple and that individuals work to satisfy those needs in a specific sequence.
According to this theory of motivation the items that determine job content are considered motivational factors eg:- achievement, recognition, responsibility, advancement and the work itself the elements that influence the job context are the hygiene or maintenance factors eg:-company policy, salary, inter-personal relations, working conditions etc. The chart shows the parallel relationship between the needs in each of the theories maslow refers to higher- lower order needs, whereas herzberg refers to motivation and hygiene factors 4 mcgregor's participation theory: douglas mcgregor formulated two distinct views of human being based on participation of workers. These were two different theories of motivation-maslow and mcgregor theories the first is based on needs and the second one on motivation/stimulation although, motivation is the key to achieving every small aspect of our lives, it is crucial to motivate people to work in order to reach goals.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s [1. Over 50 years ago, douglas mcgregor (author of the human side of enterprise) created the concept of theory y, and suggested that it is much more efficient than theory x of motivation the premise is that your employees will always find ways to get their work done and therefore there is no need to mollycoddle them. Theory x and theory y in 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y.
Douglas mcgregor's x and y theory was similar to sigmund freuds x theory in the way that the the x part was exactly the same however mcgregor added a y part to the theory which stated that higher order is needed to dominate individuals. Mcgregor's xy theory remains central to organizational development, and to improving organizational culture mcgregor's x-y theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people, which under the pressure of day-to-day business are all too easily forgotten. A discussion of leadership than basic motivation theories (montana and charnov 2000) douglas mcgregor's (1960) ideas about leadership and managerial behavior had a profound effect on management. Human motivation is a complex and well studied field that has broad roots in a diverse collection of academic disciplines including psychology, sociology, education, political science, and economics. In this video you will get theories of motivation by maslow, herzberg and mcgregor in this video you will get complete and detail explanation for different motivation theories with their examples.
Motivation in the workforce 3 motivational tactics play an extremely important role in the productivity of today's work force increasing employee satisfaction is a main goal of almost any major organization, which is why so many organizations focus so much time and energy on developing solid motivational programs. The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility. Douglas mcgregor formed two parallel theories in response to differing managerial styles representative of his time these theories were named, theory x and theory y according to an article in the economist, 'theory x is an authoritarian style where the emphasis is on productivity, on the concept of a fair day's work. With reference to modern motivational theory the conflict between extrinsic versus intrinsic motivation will be visited in order to distinguish the key aspects as to why intrinsic motivation in individuals is ultimately the most effective and efficient way of learning. Joena agbato (1988) says motivation is an important determination of human behaviour, it sit that which moves one towards a goal, thus, motivation begat performance luthans (1998) motivation is a process which starts with a physiological or psychological.
At higher levels of the hierarchy, praise, respect, recognition, empowerment and a sense of belonging are far more powerful motivators than money, as both abraham maslow's theory of motivation and douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y (pertaining to the theory of leadership) demonstrate. Traditional theories of motivation 3 institute of lifelong learning, university of delhi in the ancient era, in india, motivation came through the sense of duty, which was described in the religions. Intrinsic motivation intrinsic motivation means that the individuals motivational stimuli are coming from within the individual has the desire to perform a specific task, because its results are in accordance with his belief system or fulfills a desire and therefore importance is attached to it.
The importance of employee motivation, its concepts, and differences in individual needs managers need to be aware of employees' motivational factors and the changes in priorities of these factors over the pass of time. - mcgregor's theory x and theory y - maslow's hierarchy of needs theory - herzberg two factor theory among others these papers are going to describe and compare these 3 theories and find the best theory to provide a good platform for employee motivation in a hospitality environment. Models seeking to integrate motivational theories have been motivation, and so theories that explained pieces of it evolved mit professor douglas mcgregor's. Motivational theories are an important part of pmp exam syllabus it is equally important that project managers understand the nuances of various motivational theories and reflect on them as applicable to their unique project scenarios.