Pollution by crude oil usually occurs as spillage that is uncontrolled, release of crude oil into the environment as a result of equipment failure, operational mishaps, or intentional damage to facilities (undp, 2010. Effects of oil spills when oil is spilled or leaked into in waterways and the ocean, it spreads very quickly with the help of wind and currents a single gallon of oil can create an oil slick up to a couple of acres in size. Oil spill, leakage of petroleum onto the surface of a large body of water oceanic oil spills became a major environmental problem in the 1960s, chiefly as a result of intensified petroleum exploration and production on continental shelves and the use of supertankers capable of transporting more than 500,000 metric tons of oil. As a result, oil began leaking into the gulf creating one of the largest spills in american history during the next 87 days an estimated 4 million barrels (168 million gallons) were released from the reservoir, of which 319 million (134 million gallons) were released into the gulf of mexico.
Oil spills have a number of effects on the environment and economy on a basic level, oil spill effects will damage waterways, marine life and plants and animals on the land the impact of oil spills can also ruin the infrastructure and economy of a particular area with the long-term effects being felt for decades. Effects of oil spills on habitats one of the areas that is most obviously affected after an oil spill is the shoreline the oil washes up on the beaches coating the sand, rocks, and plants with oily residue. Environmental effects of oil spill when an oil spill occurs, many elements of the environment may be affected depending on the magnitude of the spill and its location, the effects can vary, ranging from minimal to serious ones. This study is focused on oil spillage in the niger delta region of nigeria but particularly on causes and impacts of oil spillage in the region and the management systems practiced in controlling oil spills in the area.
Following an oil spill, there are specialists and veterinarians to deal with oiled wildlife these experts are trained on how to clean oil from animals, rehabilitate them, and return them to the environment oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the. And could be impacted by the spill oil spills affect wildlife and their habitats in many ways the severity of the injury depends on the type and. The spill of approximately 2,369,470 barrels of oil into the environment in addition, between 1997 and 2001, nigeria also recorded a total number of 2,097 oil spill incidents. Effect on human health: the main problems with oil spill are the negative effects of ingesting toxic metals oil spillage contain significant elements like cr and ba detected in oil spill sites of the gulf war.
Crude oil exploration in the niger delta region is oil spillage over 6000 spills had been recorded in the 40 years of oil exploitation in nigeria, with an average of 150 spills per annum. Oil spill and leaks increased deforestation as well as the economic loss and environmental degradation stemming from gas flaring, which is the focus of the rest of this paper (o'rourke and connolly 2003. The largest individual spills include the blowout of a texaco offshore station which in 1980 dumped an estimated 400,000m3 of crude oil into the gulf of guinea and royal dutch shell's forcados terminal tank failure which produced a spillage estimated at 580,000 barrels (92,000m3. Oilzilla would have combined the ferocity of a hurricane with the long-lasting effects of an oil spill it could have flattened the domestic oil industry the way that the three mile island nuclear accident did to the us nuclear industry.
In general, oil spills can affect animals and plants in two ways: from the oil itself and from the response or cleanup operations understanding both types of impacts can help spill responders minimize overall impacts to ecological communities and help them to recover much more quickly. Effect on economy: the second major effect of the oil spill is seen on the economy when precious crude oil or refined petroleum is lost, it effects the amount of petroleum and gas available for use when precious crude oil or refined petroleum is lost, it effects the amount of petroleum and gas available for use. Oil spill can be of two different categories - the land spillage and the aquatic spillage - but they all have a negative impact on both the environment and the society in general in this article, we've listed 10 horrible effects of nigeria oil spill, hopefully, you'll find it not just interesting but educating.
The effects of an oil spill will depend on a variety of factors including, the quantity and type of oil spilled, and how it interacts with the marine environment. Oil-covered birds are a universal symbol of environmental damage wreaked by oil spills some species of shore birds might escape by relocating if they sense danger in time, but sea birds that swim and dive for their food are most likely to be covered in oil following a spill.
Oil spills can also affect human health these effects can depend on what kind of oil was spilled and where (on land, in a river, or in the ocean) these effects can depend on what kind of oil was spilled and where (on land, in a river, or in the ocean. Oil spills usually happen in the ocean, but oil can spill on land as well these spills cause many devastating effects - mainly to animals, but also to plants and to people unfortunately, oil. An oil spill can have a number of direct and indirect effects on fisheries valuable fishing and shellfish areas may be closed for fishing for shorter or longer periods because of the risks of the catch being tainted by oil. Five years ago, bp's out-of-control oil well deep in the gulf of mexico exploded eleven workers were killed on the deepwater horizon rig but it was more than a deadly accident — the blast.